The future in Spanish: “El futuro simple” and el “futuro próximo”


Have you ever wondered how to express your future plans or feelings in Spanish? Do you need to learn how to form phrases with future tenses? Do you want to talk about what you are going to do? If the answer of one of these questions is yes, continue reading.

In Spanish, like in English, we can express the future with two verbal tenses: El futuro simple (The simple future) and El futuro próximo(the near future) 

El futuro simple

This verb is used to express a suposition and an intention in the present or in the future. It is similar to the future with will in English

Examples:

  • Intention: Mañana dejaré de fumar (tomorrow I will give up smoking)
  • Suposition:(respect to the future): Ella no llamará (She won't call)
  • Suposition: (respect to the present): Es la hora de la siesta así que tu hermano estará durmiendo (It's nap's time so your brother will be sleaping)

To conjugate this verb, we only need to write the whole verb and add the endings that correspond:

futurosimple

However, there are some verbs that are irregular and it is necessary to learn then by heart:

caber cabré, cabrás, cabrá, cabremos, cabréis, cabrán
decir diré, dirás, dirá, diremos, diréis, dirán
haber habré, habrás, habrá, habremos, habréis, habrán
hacer haré, harás, hará, haremos, haréis, harán
poder podré, podrás, podrá, podremos, podréis, podrán
poner pondré, pondrás, pondrá, pondremos, pondréis, pondrán
querer querré, querrás, querrá, querremos, querréis, querrán
saber sabré, sabrás, sabrá, sabremos, sabréis, sabrán
salir saldré, saldrás, saldrá, saldremos, saldréis, saldrán
tener tendré, tendrás, tendrá, tendremos, tendréis, tendrán
valer valdré, valdrás, valdrá, valdremos, valdréis, valdrán
venir vendré, vendrás, vendrá, vendremos, vendréis, vendrán

El futuro próximo

The other way of talking about the future is using the near future or Futuro próximo, whose uses are similar to the verb going to in English

  • We use this verb when we describe an action that is going to take place immediately: No puedo seguir así, voy a llamar a Jorge para que me ayude con el trabajo (I can`t continue like this, I am going to call Jorge so he can help me with this work)
  • A future plan: El próximo fin de semana vamos a ir a la playa (Next weekend we are going to go to the beach)
  • A firmly purpose: Te prometo que voy a llamarte más a menudo (I promise I am going to call you more frequenly)

To conjugate this verb, we only need to conjugate the verb "ir" add the preposition a and then the infinitive of the verb we are referring to:

futuroproximo

 

And this is it! Have you solved your questions? Do you feel more ready to express the future in Spanish now? Share your feelings with us!

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