The Spanish subjunctive


We are sure that you have heard that the Spanish grammar has the subjuntivo mode. Do you know what is it? And the most importat, do you know how to use it? If you want to talk accurately in Spanish and you are struggling with the subjuntivo mode, continue reading.

Subjuntivo is a grammatical mode that exists in many languages. It transformes the reality of the speaker into a hypothetical one, expressing uncertain afirmations or wishes.

How to form the subjunctive

As the subjuntivo is a mode, there are several verb tenses on it. Let's see one by one.

 

Subjuntivo present

If we want to form the subjuntivo present, we need to take the first person of singular in indicativo present and add the following endings:

 

Take into account that this only works for the regular verbs. There are some irregular (ir, saber, ser, haber, poner) that don't follow the rule. Their conjugations are:

Ir (vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayais, vayan)

Saber( sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepáis, sepan)

Ser (sea, seas, sea, seamos, seais, sean)

haber (haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hayan)

poner (ponga, pongas, pongas, pongamos, pongáis, pongan)

 

 

Preterito imperfecto

Preterito perfecto

To form the preterito perfecto, we only need to put the verb haber in subjuntivo present and the main verb in participio (Ej, yo haya salido).

 

Preterito pluscuamperfecto

We conjugate the verb haber in the subjuntivo preterito imperfecto and we kept the main verb in participio ( si yo hubiera salido).

Uses of the subjuctive

 

Well, now that we know how to form the subjuntivo mode, let's discover exactly when to use them.

  • To express a wish or hope. Espero que el examen SEA fácil (I hope the exam is easy)

  • To ask for an advice or suggestion. ¿Que me aconsejas que haga? What do you suggest that I should do?
  • To express emotion or feelings. Estoy muy feliz de que estés aquí. We are very happy you are here.
  • To express doubt (we can use here quizás or tal vez) or deny something (using creer, parecer, pensar). Dudo que vengas. I doubt that you will come
  • To express the purpose of something (using para que or a fin de que) hablo así para que me entiendas mejor. I talk like this so you can understand me better
  • To talk about future ideas using cuando and hasta que. Estudiaré chino hasta que lo hable bien. I will study chinese  until I am able to speak it well.

Have you finally understood when to use the Spanish subjuntivo? Share your opinions with us!

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